A Golden City

A Golden City Brewed in the Rocky Mountains

The City of Golden is located in Jefferson County, Colorado, United States. Golden lies along Clear Creek at the edge of the foothills of the Front Range of the Rocky Mountains. It is just north of I-70 and west of Denver. Golden was founded during the Pike’s Peak Gold Rush in June of 1859.

Golden Colorado

A view of downtown Golden Colorado. Photo by Billy Hathorn, SA-CC-by-3.0

The mining camp was originally named Golden City in honor of Thomas L. Golden. Golden City, served as the capital of the provisional Territory of Jefferson from 1860 to 1861. From 1862 to 1867 it was capital of the official Territory of Colorado after which the territorial capital was moved about 12 miles east to Denver City.

The United States Census Bureau estimates that the city population was 18,867 in 2010. Golden, originally known as Golden City, is a small city, being only 9 sq. miles in area. The city is over a mile high, being at an elevation of 5675 ft.

Astor House Museum

Astor House Museum, the first stone building in Golden, was a boarding and rooming house from 1867 to 1971. Photo by Billy Hathorn, SA-CC-by-3.0

What’s in Golden?

The Colorado School of Mines, offering programs in engineering and science, is located in Golden. Also in Golden Colorado are the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and the National Earthquake Information Center. In addition there is the American Mountaineering Center, and the Colorado Railroad Museum. Famous western showman “Buffalo Bill” is buried nearby on Lookout Mountain.

Culture in the City

Golden Colorado has a lot of museums for a small city. It may possibly have the most museums per capita of any place in Colorado. These include:

  • Rocky Mountain Quilt Museum
  • Colorado Railroad Museum
  • Colorado School of Mines Geology Museum
  • Bradford Washburn American Mountaineering Museum
  • Golden History Center
  • Astor House Hotel Museum
  • Clear Creek History Park
  • also Mother Cabrini Shrine

A Brief History

Golden City was established as a gold-rush town. It quickly became a leading economic and political center of the region. Its location was a center of trade between the gold fields and the east and a crossroads and gateway of important roads leading to the mountains. It was a center of area industry.

By the end of 1860, Golden City had been popularly elected the seat of Jefferson County and was capital of the provisional Jefferson Territory. Although the town lost much of its population and leading citizenry during the American Civil War, Golden City became capital of the federally recognized Colorado Territory in 1862, continuing as such until 1867.

Lions Park Golden Colorado

Lions Park in Golden Photo by Billy Hathorn, SA-CC-by-3.0

Golden was historically called the Lowell of the West for its industry. It became a regional center of trade and industry that boasted at certain points in time, three flour mills, five smelters, the first railroad into the Colorado mountains, brick works, the only paper mill west of Missouri, clay and coal mines, and more.

During the 1870s, it became home to three institutions of higher education, the Colorado University Schools of which the Colorado School of Mines remains today. Golden was also home to an opera house and seven churches. The town was home to sizable populations of German, Swedish, Italian and Chinese immigrants.

Travel Quiz Weekly

Golden maintained a small town population of around 2,500 people until the early 20th century. Downtown revitalization efforts began in the 1920s. After World War II Golden boomed, rapidly gaining population, size and economy.

In 1959 the town nearly tripled in geographic size overnight when it annexed large properties to the south including the new Magic Mountain theme park, one of the earliest entertainment attractions of its kind. Today Golden has a population of over 18,000 people and is home to more people and businesses of national and international influence than ever before, yet maintains a small-town historic identity.

View the picture and read the above text BEFORE you take the quiz.

Take the quiz and let’s see how good you are on this quiz about Golden Colorado. In this quiz, since you already know the name of the city, there are other questions to see how much you remember plus something about the name of the city.

Quiz #28 A Golden City

travelersThis Travel Quiz is about Golden Colorado, a city in the United States. The quiz has one major question and True/False questions. The level of this test is easy.

Answer all questions. Each answer is worth about 10 points. If you don’t know the answer, then take a guess (unless you want a guaranteed zero for the answer).

This test is timed (2 min) so be aware of that.

Golden Colorado is a city you might want to visit during a stop in the Rocky Mountains of Colorado.

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Golden Colorado

Uploaded to YouTube on Sep 24, 2010

Golden is a great little town! Tons of fun things to do, all within a small area so there is little driving and parking. Just get out there, park your car and you are in the middle of all the action.

Golden Colorado’s (CO) Story on Video

Uploaded to YouTube on Dec 6, 2012

Golden Colorado (CO) Story on Video contains the history of Golden Colorado, Living in golden and Visiting Golden including shopping, dining and things to do in Golden Colorado (CO)


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